Kafka and the Coincidence of Opposites Dennis McCort, Syracuse University This study traces the mystical idea of the coincidence of opposites through Kafka's short fiction as well as through his letters and diaries. It constitutes a kind of cautionary argument against current cultural-constructivist interpretations that mean to undermine the view of Kafka as primarily a spiritual writer.
Themes The Absurdity of Life Beginning with its first sentence, The Metamorphosis deals with an absurd, or wildly irrational, event, which in itself suggests that the story operates in a random, chaotic universe.
On the contrary, by all evidence Gregor has been a good son and brother, taking a job he dislikes so that he can provide for them and planning to pay for his sister to study music at the conservatory.
There is no indication that Gregor deserves his fate. Rather, the story and all the members of the Samsa family treat the event as a random occurrence, like catching an illness.
|Related products||Part I[ edit ] One day, Gregor Samsa, a traveling salesman, wakes up to find himself transformed into a giant insect the most common translation of the German description ungeheures Ungeziefer, literally "monstrous vermin". He reflects on how dreary life as a traveling salesman is.|
All these elements together give the story a distinct overtone of absurdity and suggest a universe that functions without any governing system of order and justice.
Even Gregor panics only at the thought of getting in trouble at work, not at the realization that he is physically altered, and he makes no efforts to determine what caused the change or how to fix it. He worries instead about commonplace problems, like what makes him feel physically comfortable.
In fact, the other characters in the story generally treat the metamorphosis as something unusual and disgusting, but not exceptionally horrifying or impossible, and they mostly focusing on adapting to it rather than fleeing from Gregor or trying to cure him. Their second maid also shows no surprise when she discovers Gregor, and when the boarders staying with the family see Gregor they are mostly upset that Gregor is unclean and disturbs the sense of order they desire in the house.
These unusual reactions contribute to the absurdity of the story, but they also imply that the characters to some degree expect, or at least are not surprised by, absurdity in their world. When he first gets out of his bed after waking, for instance, he tries to stand upright, even though his body is not suited to being upright.
In essence, he continues to think with a human mind, but because his body is no longer human, he is unable at first to reconcile these two parts of himself.
As Gregor becomes accustomed to his new body, his mind begins to change in accordance with his physical needs and desires. Gregor gradually behaves more and more like an insect, not only craving different foods than he did when he was human, but also beginning to prefer tight, dark spaces, like the area under his sofa, and enjoying crawling on the walls and ceiling.
Through these details, the story suggests that our physical lives shape and direct our mental lives, not the other way around.
Gregor initially approves of the idea because it will make his room more comfortable for him physically. But realizing that his possessions, which represent to him his former life as a human, provide him emotional comfort, he suddenly faces a choice: In other words, his mind and body remain opposed to one another.
Gregor, unable to relinquish his humanity, chooses emotional comfort, leading him to desperately cling to the picture of the woman in furs. Grete and the mother in particular feel a great deal of sympathy for Gregor after his change, apparently because they suspect some aspect of his humanity remains despite his appearance.
Even the father, who shows the least sympathy of the family members toward Gregor and even attacks him twice, never suggests that they kill him or force him out of the house.
Instead, he implicitly shows compassion for Gregor by allowing the family to care for him. Grete is so upset and revolted by the way he looks that she can hardly stand to be in the room with him, and his mother is so horrified when she sees him as she and Grete are moving his furniture that she faints.
Moreover, the fact that Gregor cannot communicate his thoughts and feelings to them leaves them without any connection to his human side, and consequently, they come to see him more and more as an actual insect. Significantly, it is Grete, the character to show the most sympathy toward Gregor, who decides they must get rid of him.The Metamorphosis (German: Die Verwandlung) is a novella written by Franz Kafka which was first published in One of Kafka's best-known works, The Metamorphosis tells the story of salesman Gregor Samsa who wakes one morning to find himself inexplicably transformed into a huge insect and subsequently struggling to adjust to this new .
It can therefore be argued that the division within Kafka’s and Gregor’s worlds is a division of the mind itself and that Kafka’s writing and imagination conceives symbolic stories of man’s deprived spiritual . Both Moliere and Kafka display themes of transformation and alienation that play a role in setting the tone of both Tartuffe and The Metamorphosis.
In Tartuffe, the mental transformation focuses on Orgon, while both physical and mental transformation take place in Gregor in The Metamorphosis.
Mental Isolation in Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis The metamorphosis very possibly was written by Kafka as an outlet for his feelings of isolation and helplessness.
In it, the protagonist, Gregor Samsa, awakens one morning to find himself spontaneously "transformed in his bed into a monstrous vermin.". She is currently enrolled in the Professional Hour Teacher Training at Prana Yoga Center and will be a certified RYT teacher in April from mythological Greek stories to more modern books like ‘Metamorphosis‘ by Franz Kafka.
Tales of transformation reverberate throughout our history. Yin addresses physical, emotional and. The Metamorphosis | Franz Kafka A man wakes up one morning to find he’s been transformed into a giant insect-like creature.
After this impossible opening, this novella-length story proceeds normally.