Definition[ edit ] As defined by the World Health Organization WHO "occupational health deals with all aspects of health and safety in the workplace and has a strong focus on primary prevention of hazards.
Disease and injury do not go with the job nor can poverty justify disregard for workers' safety and health.
The ILO's primary goal is to promote opportunities for women and men to obtain decent and productive work in conditions of freedom, equity, security and human dignity. We have summarized this as "decent work".
Decent work is safe work. And safe work is also a positive factor for productivity and economic growth. Today, technological progress and intense competitive pressures bring rapid change in working conditions, work processes and organization.
Legislation is essential but insufficient on its own to address these changes or to keep pace with new hazards and risks. Organizations must also be able to tackle occupational safety and health challenges continuously and to build effective responses into dynamic management strategies.
These Guidelines on occupational safety and health management systems will support this effort. The Guidelines were prepared on the basis of a broad-based approach involving the ILO and its tripartite constituents and other stakeholders.
They have also been shaped by internationally agreed occupational safety and health principles as defined in relevant international labour standards. Consequently, they provide a unique and powerful instrument for the development of a sustainable safety culture within enterprises and beyond.
Workers, organizations, safety and health systems and the environment all stand to benefit. The ILO is pleased to have led the exercise of drawing up these Guidelines. I am confident that they will become an invaluable tool for employers and workers and their organizations, national institutions and all those who have a role in ensuring that workplaces are also safe and healthy places.
Juan Somavia Director-General Introduction The positive impact of introducing occupational safety and health OSH management systems at the organization1 level, both on the reduction of hazards and risks and on productivity, is now recognized by governments, employers and workers.
This tripartite approach provides the strength, flexibility and appropriate basis for the development of a sustainable safety culture in the organization.
The ILO has therefore developed voluntary guidelines on OSH management systems which reflect ILO values and instruments relevant to the protection of workers' safety and health. The practical recommendations of these guidelines are intended for use by all those who have responsibility for occupational safety and health management.
They are not legally binding and are not intended to replace national laws, regulations or accepted standards. Their application does not require certification. The employer is accountable for and has a duty to organize occupational safety and health. The implementation of an OSH management system is one useful approach to fulfilling this duty.
The ILO has designed these guidelines as a practical tool for assisting organizations and competent institutions as a means of achieving continual improvement in OSH performance. These guidelines should contribute to the protection of workers from hazards and to the elimination of work-related injuries, ill health, diseases, incidents and deaths.
At national level, the guidelines should: At the level of the organization, the guidelines are intended to: A national framework for occupational safety and health management systems 2.
A competent institution or institutions should be nominated, as appropriate, to formulate, implement and periodically review a coherent national policy for the establishment and promotion of OSH management systems in organizations.
This should be done in consultation with the most representative organizations of employers and workers, and with other bodies as appropriate. The national policy on OSH management systems should establish general principles and procedures to: With a view to ensuring the coherence of the national policy and of arrangements for its implementation, the competent institution should establish a national framework for OSH management systems to: The competent institution should make arrangements and provide technically sound guidance to labour inspectorates, OSH services and other public or private services, agencies and institutions dealing with OSH, including health-care providers, to encourage and help organizations to implement OSH management systems.
National guidelines on the voluntary application and systematic implementation of OSH management systems should be elaborated based on the model provided in Chapter 3, taking into consideration national conditions and practice.
There should be consistency between the ILO guidelines, the national guidelines and the tailored guidelines, with sufficient flexibility to permit direct application or tailored application at the organization level. Tailored guidelines, reflecting the overall objectives of the ILO guidelines, should contain the generic elements of the national guidelines and should be designed to reflect the specific conditions and needs of organizations or groups of organizations, taking into consideration particularly: Elements of the national framework for OSH management systems 3.Definition.
As defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) "occupational health deals with all aspects of health and safety in the workplace and has a strong focus on primary prevention of hazards." Health has been defined as "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity." Occupational health is a multidisciplinary field of.
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World Day for Safety and Health at Work GENERATION SAFE & HEALTHY! This year, the World Day for Safety and Health at Work (SafeDay) and the World Day Against Child Labour (WDACL) are coming together in a joint campaign to improve the safety and health of .