Rhetoric and Composition The concept of a discourse community is vital to academic writers across nearly all disciplines, for the academic writer's purpose is to influence a discourse community to think differently. At the same time the discourse community does not expect to see any writing that appears too foreign. For this reason the academic writer must follow the constraints see article section below set by the discourse community so his or her ideas earn approval and respect.
Dissertation and Thesis - These are written to obtaining an advanced degree at a college or university.
Abstract - This is a short summary of a long document. Explication - This is a work which explains part of a particular work. Characteristics of Academic Writing Now that you have a definition of academic writing, here are some things to remember about the characteristics of academic writing.
Planning - There is a certain amount of planning before you start writing the paper; so, it will be analytical and organized. Outline - A proper outline is a must for academic writing. An outline will not only help you formulate your thoughts, but will sometimes make you aware of certain relationships between topics.
It will help you determine the pertinent information to be included in your paper.
Tone - A formal tone is used. Language - The language in your paper needs to be clear and words need to be chosen for their precision. A thesaurus is a good tool to help you pick just the right words to explain the issues.
Point-of-view - The point of view in the third person, as the focus of academic writing is to educate on the facts, not support an opinion. Approach - Deductive reasoning is a big part of academic writing as your readers have to follow the path that brought you to your conclusion.
Deductive reasoning and an analytical approach are important in academic writing. Much planning and forethought are needed to have a well organized paper. Always check to see if the school you are writing for has a preferred format and style.
Academic Writing Structure An academic paper has three distinct sections - the introduction, body and conclusion: In the introduction, you must grab the reader's attention and identify the thesis of the paper. You can do this by starting with: Several questions A quote from a famous work or person Some interesting facts or information A definition of an important term related to the work BODY: This is the main part of the work and the paragraphs must be clearly written and be arranged in a logical order, like chronologically or in order of importance.
Each initial sentence links the preceding paragraph and the whole section flows smoothly. Within each paragraph, the sentences need to flow and refer back to the topic. Cohesion is achieved by repeating important words, using synonyms for the main subject, and using transitional words like: In the conclusion, you re-emphasize the thesis and summarize all the main points.
The conclusion consists of one paragraph which shows the final conclusion to the reader. Whether you are writing a research paper, a thesis, or a paper for a conference, these tips should help your paper be authoritative and coherent.
Your thesis will be substantiated and explanations clear. Readers of your paper will follow your reasoning and understand your conclusion. YourDictionary definition and usage example.Video: What is Academic Writing? - Definition & Examples - Definition & Examples In this lesson, you'll learn what academic writing is and how to write an academic essay.
4 DEFINING AND UNDERSTANDING ACADEMIC WRITING. Essential to addressing such questions is the recognition that writing is not a single, homogenous, linear achievement towards which you strive and at which you one day arrive.
Rather, it is the manifestation of your professional. Academic writing is conducted in several sets of forms and genres, normally in an impersonal and dispassionate tone, targeted for a critical and informed audience, based on closely investigated knowledge, and intended to reinforce or challenge concepts or arguments.
RULES AND CONVENTIONS OF ACADEMIC WRITING The details in this hand-out are based on material first developed by Hazel Hall at . What is Academic Writing?
Here is an example of a paragraph written by a student in response to the question: Success at university is simply a matter of being organised.
Discuss In this paragraph we can see all of the components of competent academic writing: clear structure, fluent writing. What is Academic Writing? Here is an example of a paragraph written by a student in response to the question: Success at university is simply a matter of being organised.
Discuss In this paragraph we can see all of the components of competent academic writing: clear structure, fluent writing.