What resemblances and differenced between kantian and Christian ethics?
The Major Philosophers of the Hellenistic Period Ethics is one of the oldest disciplines, the object of which includes ethics and morality. Ethics studies the place of morality in other social relations, analyzes its nature and internal structure, explores its origins and historical development, and theoretically substantiates its systems.
Since BC when the ethics was firstly designated as a special area of study till the present day, the interest in understanding does not get subsided. Such philosophers as Aristotle and Kant addressed to ethical issues at various times.
Their views on ethics were different and so are of particular interest for the research. The identification of morality with the moral character of individuals, and relevant to them usual patterns of behavior, for the first time was reasonably deployed and almost exhaustively theoretically formalized by Aristotle.
Aristotle distinguished in man a specific group of qualities, which apply to his ethos character and disposition and differ from the qualities of body and mind. These qualities or virtues, which are understood as good qualities or the best condition of anything he called the ethical and science about them — ethics.
Ethical virtues, according to Aristotle, are an expression of identity of active principle in man. The soul of man, according to Aristotle has a complex structure, composed of rational and irrational parts Broadie, Ethical virtues arise at the interfaces of these parts and make an area of their intersection and interaction.
Ethical virtues reflect the actual human nature in man, the correct operation of the soul, when its sensible and affective parts are connected together so that the first dominates, while the second follows its instructions just as a son obeys his father.
They record reasonably participative nature of the human soul in its perfect expression.
Aristotle in his ethical theory believes that if the properties of the body such as height and the quality of the mind such as memory are given to a man, so the ethical virtues are intravital entities and are formed in the process of conscious individually-responsible activities.
They are associated with an active desire of man to the highest good, which Aristotle calls happiness. According to Aristotle, on how a person acts, depends what structure of soul he has Hughes, Virtue as a habitual state of mind, strong character of the individual are directly correlated with practiced in the society habits and mores.
If the choice is moral and it is based on correct judgments, so the judgments themselves are correct when they are focused on the society. A reasonably informed choice is in a sense a joint choice. Whatever, identifying virtue with the virtuous individual, Aristotle does not isolate the person from the society, and wholly immerse into it.
And ethics for him is above all a political science, besides the main political science. Virtuous individuals and entangling them norms of behavior are two interdependent parties, which determine the objectivity of ethics as a doctrine of virtue.
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It focuses not on how individuals should behave in certain situations, not to identify the reasonableness of private self-interest, or specific virtues, and the commitments that are preserved under all circumstances and for all sentient beings.
Kant is interested not in the highest good and ethical virtues, but in moral law and duty. Not the behavior of a particular individual in a particular situation, not the duty to this particular man, but the duty of mankind humanityembodied in the moral law and the manifest with the course, — that is a proper subject of ethics according to Kant.
The man has a moral virtue not by himself, but in its empirical existence of the unit, but only in connection with and in the context of the universal moral law. He is the aim only to the extent and degree that is identical to all other sentient beings — through the moral law as a sign of their birth, through the personification of the law.This pedagogical essay explores the tendency of undergraduate media ethics students to do what Bernard Gert calls “morality by slogans” and their tendency to misuse Aristotle's golden mean slogan.
While not solving the dilemma of morality by slogans, the essay suggests some ways of rectifying the misuse of the golden mean and encouraging its more authentic application. Critical realism is a frequently mentioned, but not very well-known, late nineteenth-/early twentieth-century philosophical tradition.
Having its roots in Kantian epistemology, critical realism is best characterized as a revisionist approach toward the original Kantian doctrine. Its most outstanding thesis is the idea that Kantian things-in-themselves are knowable.
Consequentialism I Consequentialism in ethics is the view that whether or not an action is good or bad depends solely on what e ects that action has on the world. I \The greatest amount of good for the greatest amount of people" I The Greatest Happiness Principle \actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they.
Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct.
The field of ethics, along with aesthetics, concern matters of value, and thus comprise the branch of philosophy called axiology..
Ethics seeks to resolve questions of human morality by defining concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong. Virtue ethics can be used to determine the rightness or wrongness of an action by relating the choice to admirable character traits: An act or choice is morally right if, in carrying out the act, one exercises, exhibits or develops a morally virtuous character.
Kantian Ethics vs. Utilitarianism Essay what an individual ought to do, are determined by the consequences of a given action. One thinker to reject this idea of consequentialism was Immanuel Kant.