Hodgenville There are few places that can claim one of the outstanding men of world history as a native son. Abraham Lincoln was born a short distance south of Hodgenville in a rough cabin and spent his first childhood years on a hill country farm in the knobs of what is, today, northern LaRue County.
His father was a carpenter and farmer who owned three farms in Kentucky. His family moved to Indiana in Decemberin part because his parents did not approve of slavery, which was legal in Kentucky but not in Indiana.
His family moved again inthis time to Illinois. In Lincoln left home and moved to New Salem, Illinois. In he ran unsuccessfully for election to the Illinois General Assembly.
With the outbreak of the Black Hawk War, he volunteered for military service and was elected captain of his rifle company, but he saw no fighting.
Lincoln ran for office again in and was elected, serving four terms in the General Assembly as a member of the Whig Party. During this time, Lincoln also studied law and in was licensed to practice. He married Mary Todd from Kentucky inand they had four sons, only one of whom survived to adulthood.
Lincoln was elected to the U. Congress and served from to He also supported the Wilmot Proviso, which would have prohibited slavery in territory gained from the war. Once his term was completed, he returned to his law practice in Springfield.
Lincoln opposed the Kansas-Nebraska Act that allowed for the possibility of slavery spreading to the new territories in the Union.
The act was sponsored by Democratic senator Stephen Douglas. Lincoln joined the Republican Party in and in ran against Douglas for the Senate.
The two conducted a series of debates covering a number of issues, including slavery. The debates gained Lincoln national exposure, but he lost the election to Douglas.
The primary Republican candidate was William H. Seward, but Seward was unacceptable to several keys states. Lincoln was the second most popular candidate and more acceptable then Seward, facts which ultimately won Lincoln the nomination.
With a split in the Democratic Party, Lincoln won the election and took office in March Lincoln wanted to keep the Union together, and in his inaugural speech talked of conciliation, but it was too late.
Seven states had already seceded from the Union, and when Lincoln ordered a ship to take supplies to the federal garrison at Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, the government of South Carolina ordered the fort to be attacked. This action, on April 12,officially started the American Civil War.
Britain saw the war as a chance to check the growth of the United States, but was unwilling to commit men or material without reassurance that the Confederacy would win.
However, as the war progressed, the issue of slavery became more and more important. Lincoln believed that while the Constitution protected slavery during peace, in war it was a different matter.
As such, he drafted the Emancipation Proclamation. However, he was concerned that issuing the proclamation would be seen as a sign of desperation if he did so following the continuing losses suffered by the Union army.
It was not until the Union victory at Antietam in Maryland on September 17,that Lincoln got his chance. While not a decisive victory, the battle did force General Robert E. Lee to retreat to Virginia, and Lincoln took the opportunity to release the Emancipation Proclamation on September With this, Britain determined that it would be best served by staying out of the conflict.
The Emancipation Proclamation only freed slaves in states in rebellion; it was not until the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution that slavery was fully abolished. The Amendment was ratified on December 18, The Emancipation Proclamation was worded specifically to exclude border states such as Kentucky, Maryland and Missouri that were still loyal to the Union but where slavery was still legal.
While Lincoln could be careful not to alienate certain groups, he was also willing to do what he felt was necessary to defend the Union. To that end, he suspended the writ of habeas corpus on April 27,in limited areas and then on September 24,throughout the nation. It is believed that his administration made as many as 13, arrests without cause.
He endured harsh criticism from other politicians and newspapers, including being called a tyrant. It was not until that the war finally turned in favor of the Union when Lincoln brought General Ulysses S. Grant to Washington from the Western Theater to command all the armies of the Union.Even after leaving Kentucky, Abraham Lincoln maintained strong connections to the state, practicing law with three Kentuckians and later marrying a Lexington girl, Mary Todd.
The Lincolns, of English descent, first settled in Pennsylvania in the same vicinity as the family of . Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, near Nolin Creek in Kentucky.
He was the son of Thomas and Nancy Hanks Lincoln, who were married in Kentucky on June 12, Lincoln had a sister, Sarah, who was two yours older than him and a younger brother, named Thomas after his father, who died shortly after he was born.
President Abraham Lincoln: President Abraham Lincoln was born near Hodgenville, Kentucky. As a boy, he lived on a farm on Knob Creek, located near the Louisville-Nashville Turnpike.
As a boy, he lived on a farm on Knob Creek, located near the Louisville-Nashville Turnpike. Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, , in a log cabin on Nolin Creek in Hardin (now Larue) County, Kentucky.
His father was a carpenter and farmer who owned three farms in Kentucky. Abraham Lincoln, in a brief biographical sketch, December 20, Lincoln gained national fame because of his powerful speech at Cooper Union in . Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historic Site (National Park Service) Lincoln Early Life Timeline (ALO) Places Lincoln Lived (ALO) Related Reading Davenport, Don.
In Lincoln's Footsteps: A Historical Guide to the Lincoln Sites in Illinois, Indiana, and Kentucky. Revised edition, Trails Books, Gary, Ralph. Following in Lincoln's .